CfP for the session: "Revisiting Economic Nationalism", XIX World Economic History Congress, Paris, 25-29 July 202225-09-2021 12:01
Brexit, the rise of Donald Trump, the US-China trade war and increasingly fraught and confrontational international trade relations, has led to a resurgent interest in economic nationalism. Furthermore, the experience of the so-called developmental states in Asia poses a challenge to liberal approaches to economic growth and development. Economic nationalism is of course nothing new, neither as a term nor as an object of study, and has been in use by scholars since at least the early 20th century. Yet, the term “economic nationalism” itself has often escaped a precise definition, or simply been used as shorthand for protectionism. Studies of the phenomenon in the 20th century have often explained it as primarily a result of regulatory capture by economic interest groups confronting the effects of globalization or economic crisis. Another view, popularized by “realist” international political economist, sees economic nationalist policies as mainly motivated by state interests for protection and relative advantage in an international economic system.
However, the arguably paradoxical fact that the recent surge of economic nationalist sentiment is also sweeping rich states with a leading position in the international economic order, reinforces the view that these approaches are insufficient to explain the rise of economic nationalism. Moreover, it has also been argued that economic nationalism goes beyond the economic policy of states, and includes actors as corporations, experts and supranational institutions and can be found as a driving force even behind liberal trade politics. Scholars of nationalism have increasingly urged a greater emphasis on the economics of nationalism to better understand nationalism and nationalist ideology. Coming from economic and business history, we phrase the same argument a different way: the study of economic nationalism needs to take more account of nationalism.
This panel explores the complex interplay between government strategy, interest groups and more popular “banal” economic nationalism in defining the content, priorities and ideological ownership of the malleable and flexible, yet powerful force of nationalism. We consider economic nationalism as a political and economic practice that co-evolves with globalization processes, rather than being suppressed by them as the most recent developments show. Since it influenced actors in a broad variety of social roles and historical contexts it can only be detected by a mixture of quantitative and qualitative methods by economic history. We do not only aim to shed new light on how and why economic nationalism rose to prominence and took different shapes at different times and place, and the economic implications of such a rise, but also discuss the advantages and drawbacks of using economic nationalism as an analytical concept. By adding to the reopening of the academic debate on economic nationalism in the 20th century, this session aims to identify new research lines to be addressed in the near future and to promote the development of international and collaborative networks of scholars interested in the topic.
The participants listed below have already confirmed their willingness to give a paper in the panel. We are planning for a 2x90 minutes double session and therefor ask for further applications. We especially want to encourage young scholars for research-based applications that preferably cover the world regions of Asia, Africa, North America as well as the Pacific.
We ask for proposals until 1 December 2021. Please contact with any of the organisers.
• Andreas R.D. Sanders (NTNU, Norway), “Natural Wealth of Nations or the Nations Natural Wealth? The transnational rise of resource nationalism 1890-1939”
• Jan-Otmar Hesse (Universität Bayreuth, Germany), "Ownership structure and economic nationalism: foreign capital rules in Germany after WWII".
• Adoración Álvaro-Moya (CUNEF University, Spain) and Rafael Castro (UAM, Spain), “Running into the sand. Economic nationalism, foreign investment and strategic alliances in autarkic Spain”.
• Markus Lampe (Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien, Austria) “Economic Nationalism reversed? Logic and effects of the US RTAA of 1934”.
• Alberto Martin Monsalve (Universidad del Pacífico, Peru), “Nationalism and Business: Economic groups and Government relations during the Peruvian Military Dictatorship (1968-1980)”.
• Araceli Almaraz (COLEF, Mexico), “The Mexican Nationalism and political-economic models 1990-2020”.