3o Σεμινάριο: Hülya Canbakal, "Wealth inequality in northwestern Anatolia under the Ottomans, 1460–1870"
Canbakal Hülya (Assoc. Prof. of History, Network Faculty, Sabanci University Istanbul, Turkey)
Δημήτρης Παπασταματίου (Eπίκουρος Καθηγητής, Αριστοτέλειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θεσσαλονίκης)
Using probate inventories and tax data from two provincial centers and their rural hinterland, this paper presents long-term estimates of wealth inequality in northwestern Ottoman Anatolia. The study finds two waves of inequality growth and long-term net increase in Hüdavendigar and Saruhan from 1460/1550 to 1800. A sharp reversal ensues, but regional simulations still indicate an increase until 1870. Available demographic, economic and fiscal evidence suggests that political economy, involving fiscal consolidation and elite enlargement may have acted as long-term propellants of inequality while demographic change and economic performance echo medium-term fluctuations without conclusive evidence for long-term effect. At the same time, differences in the growth and inequality trajectories of the two provinces point to the possibility of diverse outcomes within the same institutional set up, contingent on geography and changes in the global division of labor.
This is an outcome of research jointly prepared with Alpay Filiztekin (Sabancı University)
Hülya Canbakal received her Ph.D. in History and Middle Eastern Studies from Harvard University, in 1999. She taught at Sabanci University, Istanbul, in 1999-2017, and continues her research career as network faculty at the same institution. She is specialized in the socio-economic history and legal culture of the Ottoman Empire in the early modern period. Her recent research focuses on long-term economic change with specific reference to different forms of wealth, property relations, and inequality. She is particularly interested in the causes of regional diversity in economic performance. Most of her work utilizes a database of Ottoman probate records that she started compiling as part of a project called “Distribution of Wealth in the Ottoman Empire, 1500-1840”, supported by TÜBİTAK (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey). With about 18,000 inventories from different parts of the Empire and covering several centuries, the database is currently one of the largest quantitative resources for early modern Ottoman history.
Her works in progress include “Sex ratios in the late Ottoman Empire and Republican Turkey”, “Gender inequality in 18th-century Iraklion (Kandiye)”, “House prices in Anatolia and Macedonia, 1460-1920” and “Land and livestock prices in Anatolia, 1500-1920”.
Recent Publications and papers:
- “Slaveholding in the Ottoman Central Lands (1460–1880).” With Alpay Filiztekin. Turkish Historical Review 2022, Vol. 13 (3), pp. 1–36. DOI: 10.1163/18775462-bja10008.
- “Book Ownership Across Centuries: The Case of Military Men in Bursa, 1620-1840.” With M. Moss Quinn and D. Terzioglu. In Crafting History: Essays on the Ottoman World and Beyond in Honor of Cemal Kafadar, eds. R. Goshgarian, I. Khuri-Makdisi, ve A. Yaycioğlu. Brighton: Academic Studies Press, 2022.
- “Child Sex Ratios in the late Ottoman Empire and Turkey, 1897-1965,” Conference on Sex Ratios and Missing Girls in History, University of Trondheim, May 5-6 2022, with Alpay Filiztekin, Yavuz S. Kaçmaz, Meltem Özkan, Lara Yılmaz.
- “Intergenerational Mobility in the Ottoman Empire, 1460-1840,” XIX. World Economic History Congress, Paris, July 27, 2022, with A. Filiztekin.
- “Wealth and demography in Ottoman probate inventories: A database in very long-term perspective.” With Alpay Filiztekin. Historical Methods: A Journal of Quantitative and Interdisciplinary History 2021, Vol.54 (2), pp.94-127. DOI: 10.1080/01615440.2020.1840469. Published online 19 January 2021.
- “Erken Modern Dünya ve Osmanlı Topraklarında Servet ve Gelir Dağılımı (Distribution of Wealth and Income in the Early Modern World and the Ottoman Lands).” In İktisat Tarihinin Dönüşü: Dünyada ve Türkiye’de Yeni Yaklaşımlar ve Araştırmalar (The return of economic history: New approaches and research in the world and in Turkey), eds. A. Y. Kaya and U. Karakoç. Istanbul: İletişim, 2021.
Ημερομηνία: Δευτέρα 6 Φεβρουαρίου 2023, 16:00-18:00
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