6ο Σεμινάριο: Pınar Çakıroğlu, "Industrialisation in Rural Salonica towards the End of Ottoman Rule"
Çakıroğlu Pınar (μεταδ. ερευνήτρια, Πανεπιστήμιο Κρήτης)
Χριστίνα Αγριαντώνη (Πανεπιστήμιο Θεσσαλίας)
When the Ottoman Empire came to a formal end in 1923, this was not surprising for many as the final decades, indeed the final century, of its existence has been perceived in Europe as the decay of the ‘Sick Man’ to his foreseen end. Yet the academic perception of the Ottoman Empire has improved considerably in the near century since the dissolution of the Empire. Despite the fact that the Ottomans are not often associated with the dramatic developments that shaped Europe in the nineteenth century, fuller and more thorough analyses have shown that the Ottoman Empire did exhibit considerable economic dynamism toward its end.
The Ottomans had begun to engage in modernisation already from the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century. By the time the Empire came to lose her European provinces, the rudiments of an industrial economy were discernible. This industrial dynamism towards its end, nevertheless, was not the result of a state-led investment, as one would expect from a highly-centralised Empire. In fact, much of the dynamism emerged due to industrial and commercial capitalism surging from its own domestic wellsprings.
Macedonia was at the forefront of these economic and social developments. For one thing, it had great strategic importance for the – rapidly shrinking – late Ottoman Empire. At the end of the nineteenth century, after substantial losses in the preceding decades, Macedonia was the main European territory of the Ottomans, with the exception of Thrace and the imperial capital, İstanbul. The port of Thessaloniki (Selanik) was the effective capital of Macedonia and a vital point of contact with the then dominant European economies.
This talk focuses on the industrial dynamism in the vilayet of Selanik that surged in the late nineteenth century with special reference to the hinterlands of the vilayet. More specifically, industrialization in the region of Naousa (Ağustos), Edhessa (Vodina), Veroia (Karaferye), which was at least equally significant as the industrialisation in the centre of Salonica, is the main focus. Industrial development in this region took off with the 1870s concentrating on textiles and was led by a group of Greek capitalists belonging to the powerful Christian Greek community of the region. Several peculiarities of the region were pivotal to the emergence and expansion of this industrialisation. In this talk, the story of the industrialisation in the region of Naousa (Ağustos), Edhessa (Vodina), Veroia (Karaferye) in terms of its roots and course as well as its contribution to the elucidation of the structure and characteristics of the late-Ottoman economy will be told.
Χρόνος και τόπος: Δευτέρα 12.3.2018, ώρα 16.00-19.00, στο Εθνικό Ίδρυμα Ερευνών (Βασ. Κωνσταντίνου 48, Αθήνα, ισόγειο, αίθ. συνεδριάσεων, στάση «ΕΙΕ» ή μετρό «Ευαγγελισμός»).
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